Before discussing and doing the water softener vs water conditioner comparison let’s look at what they are individually.
What is a Water Softener?
Salt-based water softeners contain a resin bed that filters water through them and exchanges these minerals for hardness against sodium particles.
When the resin bed reaches a saturation point, the cleaning (or regeneration) cycle begins in which a series of back washes flush out the trapped minerals and expel them out of the system. The sodium particles are also replenished and the system continues to soften.
The result of this is soft water that will not create limescale or cause problems (like corrosion) for your home appliances.
What is a Water Conditioner?
A salt-free water conditioner does not soften water. It simply makes its minerals loose so that they lose their ability to stick to your pipes and plumbing. Some water softeners with no salt or saltless conditioners work better than others.
Types of Water Conditioners
- Carbon Filtration.
- Electromagnetic or magnetic water conditioners.
- Salt-free Water Softener
The main use of carbon filters is that they remove unpleasant odors or weird tastes from the water. For instance, sulfur in well water or chlorine in city water.
These systems are simple water purifiers for consumption and not water softeners. They do not soften the water by eliminating the hardness caused by minerals. Carbon Filtration is most commonly found in water filter jugs that are sold in supermarkets and in the water dispenser of your refrigerator.
Electromagnetic or magnetic water conditioners
Magnetic or electromagnetic water conditioners use magnets to create a molecular motion in the water.
This molecular agitation causes the minerals to displace, thereby reducing the concentration of calcium and magnesium ions. The result of this is that you are left with water that is effectively soft water in the sense that it’s less likely to make limescale.
Although not expensive, the performance of these devices are not completely guaranteed.
Also, the magnetic field is only present in the immediate area of where it sits on the device. This means that it can not treat large volumes of water at the same time and the water can only stay in the “soft” state for about 48 hours after the treatment.
Salt-free Water Softener
Catalytic media conditioners, also known as salt free water softeners, don’t use ion exchange to eliminate minerals of hardness like their traditional salt-based counterparts.
Instead, water is treated through a catalytic medium that uses a physical process that is known as TAC (Template Assisted Crystallization).
This makes the shape of the minerals change into hard crystals that do not stick to the surfaces. However, the important thing to note is that these systems do not “soften” water, but simply condition it.
Water Softener Vs Water Conditioner?
A water softener is a specific type of water conditioner that reduces water hardness. Hard water is formed when dissolved calcium or magnesium ions are present in the tap water of a house.Getting a water softener means that it will remove all the “hard minerals” from your water at source.
On the other hand, a water conditioner is just a generic term for any sort of water system that is able to alter the quality of your water to improve it in some way.
Different types of water treatment units have different abilities.
Especially when it comes to water filtration in the ability to remove things like water chlorine. The main purpose is to remove all impurities and improve the taste of water – not just soften.
Water Softener Vs Water Conditioner Table
Water Softener Vs Water Conditioner?
The short answer is that it depends on your needs.
If you want to soften water at home or at your business premise, but are looking for alternatives to getting a regular water softener then you need a water softener alternative. However, the hardness levels below are a good rule of thumb to know which one is best. In order to get your GPG level you should get a water hardness test kit.
A water SOFTENER is best for = hardness levels OVER 25-50 GPG
This is very hard water. Meaning lots of limescale problems and white stains around your pipes and plumbing.