9 Killer Off-Grid Water Filtration Methods You Can Set Up In Minutes

Off-grid water filtration means that first of all, you’re living off grid and able to live in harmony with nature. It means that you don’t depend on the electrical network, follow local building regulations or even rely on a monthly garbage collection service. It means that you don’t depend on all the luxuries of the modern home.

But this isn’t just about surviving without water and electricity. It requires a true amount of creativity, ingenuity and the ability to adapt to an unknown way of life.

The people who talk about survival talk about many types of off-grid water filtration systems.However, almost all of them have one thing in common; the difficulty of finding clean water without connection to the network.

Water is a basic requirement for human life. A scientific article in the USA UU It describes that people without food can live up to a week or more, but people can usually only live without water for two or three days max. The Mayo Clinic notes that most people need about 64 fluid ounces of water or another liquid per day to prevent the devastating effects of chronic dehydration.

A place with a reliable supply of water is essential if you want to survive regardless of public services. However, finding clean water can be very difficult if you get stuck in nature. Note that the consequences of drinking contaminated water can be even worse than not drinking at all.

Obtaining water from a nearby stream seems easy, but the risk of contamination by excrement from animals, bacteria and other contaminants means you need a way to filter the water. If you need to find your own water supply, it is important that you know how to eliminate the impurities that can make you sick.

Improve your chances of survival by learning more about safe water sources and reliable off-grid water filtration methods.

1. Sunlight Water Purification

Solar disinfection is an effective method of off-the-grid water treatment, which can be used in emergencies. 

Especially when no chemical disinfectants are present. The ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun are used to activate the pathogens present in the water.

In this process, water is poured into transparent plastic bottles and exposed to the sun for a whole day, ideally by putting it on the top of your roof. One drawback is that you should use relatively clear water for this method to be effective.

 

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2. Sand Filtration Process

Off-grid water filtration systems with sand filtration offer the possibility of slow or pressure processing. The only issue is that this off-grid water filtration method is a very slow process. You can expect the water to move through the sand at a rate of about 2 liters per minute. On the other hand, the filtration of pressurized sand pumps the water through the same amount of sand to 40 liters per minute. The sand filter method is an economical way to filter and is capable of eliminating bacteria from your water.

The document called “Tech Brief: Slow Sand Filtration” produced by The National Drinking Water Clearinghouse fact sheet suggest the sand you use needs regular cleaning. This is so as to make it pure and safe to use. Doing this makes sand filtration a reliable and simple process.

3. Tree Branch Water Filter

A paper published on PLOS One, shows how researchers from MIT ran contaminated water through a sapwood branch. By doing this the researchers discovered that the plants were effective at filtering out things like bacteria and experimental dye.

This makes a tree branch water filter a very good practical off-grid water filtration method. It’s simple to do so can be done by anyone and ideal for emergency situations or remote villages. (Read: 11 Plants That Filter Water In The Most INSANE Ways).

The A-Z Basics of Charcoal Water Filters For DUMMIES

4. Water Purification Straw

Facing an emergency situation and find yourself needing an off-grid water filtration system then simply find a straw.Once you have a straw then look for some cotton, activated charcoal and a coffee filter. Why? Because this is how you build a straw filter!

Here’s how it works: There are filters at both ends of the straw to remove sediments that are normally in the water. Then, the inside of the tube can be filled with activated charcoal (or activated carbon) which kills the microorganisms lurking in the water. At one end of the straw, the other filter prevents the charcoal from entering your mouth while drinking.

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5. Ultraviolet Light Treatment

Another way to harvest the unique power of ultraviolet light is to decontaminate your water system from the mains. You can use UV light to act as a natural biological water filter.

Dirty contaminated water that is exposed to artificial UV radiation will be both filtered and purified. 

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends that UV light treatment is a good protection against cryptosporidium. This is a type of microscopic parasite, which grows in the gut of some animals and humans. By far the biggest benefit of this off-grid water filtration process is its very low cost.

A popular example of an affordable UV light filter is the SteriPEN ultraviolet light technology. This technology is able to eliminate over 99.9% of the protozoa, viruses and bacteria that are responsible for causing water borne illnesses.

6. DIY Ceramic Water Filter

If you don’t get stuck in the desert and are lucky enough to have a plentiful source of water, you may still need to think about efficient ways to save the water that you access. Before you store clear water you must make sure that it’s drinkable by filtering it.

Ceramic water filter cartridges provide a cost-effective, sophisticated and proven solution that allows you to produce clean water from any fresh water source. This type of filter consists of a ceramic bowl, which usually contains activated carbon. The ceramic shell is filled with sub-micron pores that filter small contaminants such as bacteria and particles. Also, the internal carbon treats water by eliminating a wide range of chemicals.

7. Evaporation Trap Water Filer

All the above methods require you to carry a little water or at least have a water source nearby. What happens if you don’t have one? Well, it’s possible to remove moisture from the earth. This is done by digging a hole in the ground and placing a tank in the ground that serves as a storage of water outside the net. Then you need to cover the hole with plastic, so that the moisture can not escape. It is necessary to place a small weight, such as a stone, in the center of the cover so that it can fall in the middle.

It works when the water evaporates from the bottom up and condenses in the lid. The fall in the middle ensures that the water drips into the container. Of course, this method is not the fastest way to get clean water. However, in an emergency, this technique can save lives.

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8. DIY Gravity Water Filter

Being an avid backpacker means you need an easy and practical way to filter water in nature. Most filters available on the market are bulky and heavy or require supplies such as salt or batteries.Instead, you can create your own water filter by gravity with two bellows, a $ 15 Aquamira Frontier Pro filter or similar) and a pack of chlorine dioxide cleansing tablets.

Simply fill your bottle of dirty water directly from a river, stream or lake. Then add your chlorine tablet to the water before connecting your bottle of clean water to the Aquamira filter. This means that the other side of the filter is directly connected to the water tank where you drink. The DIY gravity water filter method is also ideal if you have rainwater harvesting systems that are off the grid

The “gravity” part of this method happens when you hang the dirty water from the branch of a tree so that it can filter down. This means that you need to keep the clean water on the floor. Then wait for about half an hour when this system will filter a few liters of clean, drinkable water for you.

9. Water Filtration Using Fruits

Another convenient and easy way to get a clean water system without a network connection is to use a handful of fruits. The skins of some of the most commonly consumed fruits around the world are remarkably effective at absorbing a wide range of harmful contaminants, including heavy metals.

Using fruits for off-grid water filtration is both effective and very easy to set up. You can use things like apples, tomatoes, banana peels, tomatoes, rice hulls and even coconut fiber. If you’re interested in using natural plants to filter water then read: 11 Plants That Filter Water In The Most INSANE Ways.

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Is Off-Grid Water Filtration The Best Solution?

Only if you don’t have any other options available to you…

The problem with using an off-grid water filtration solution is that it’s not always reliable when you do it yourself. The water might look clean but still be very contaminated.

Mr Water Geek Thinking

While having a professionally made water filter will always produce the best results that you can depend on. So my recommendation is to buy an emergency water filter device and keep it with you at all times.

In addition to food and shelter, water can be the most urgent need, especially in a survival situation. mrwatergeek winner badge

Whether you are in an urban emergency scenario or getting lost in the jungle, knowing these water filtration methods can mean the difference between survival and chronic dehydration or even death.

My best advice is to not wait until you are thirsty to start collecting water as the urge to drink from the contaminated sources can become unbearable.

If there is no modern way to extract clean water, knowledge about collecting and filtering water off the grid is even more critical. Getting sick because of contaminated water means you will be come even thirstier and this will make your situation worse.

 

Scientific References

AMADongare PD, Alabastri A, Pedersen S, et al. Nanophotonics-enabled solar membrane distillation for off-grid water purification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2017;114(27):6936-6941.doi:10.1073/pnas.1701835114.

Sangwoo Shin, Orest Shardt, Patrick B. Warren & Howard A. Stone; Membraneless water filtration using CO2;Nature Communications volume 8, Article number: 15181 (2017)doi:10.1038/ncomms15181

Rice University. (2017, June 19). Freshwater from salt water using only solar energy: Modular, off-grid desalination technology could supply families, towns. ScienceDaily. Retrieved January 31, 2018 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170619165423.htm

Allon, F, Sofoulis, Z (2006) Everyday water: Cultures in transition. Australian Geographer 37: 4555.

Shannon, M. A. et al. Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. Nature 452, 301–310 (2008).

Ding Z, Liu L, El-Bourawi MS, Ma R. Analysis of a solar-powered membrane distillation system. Desalination. 2005;172:27–40.

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